Bylaws Revision: VOTING[5]

Nils Lohner lohner at
Thu Jun 3 21:54:22 UTC 1999

[last few changes...
- wrote resolution in text format
- added text from current bylaws- I think it is a good text, but just did 
not contain enough details
- added open ballots for all but election and removal
- board can not remove board members, only general membership can (I like 
this better too, thinking about it)
- QUESTION: is a 35% quorum good enough, or should it go to 40%?


 Any contributing member of SPI is eligible to vote.  Non contributing 
members of SPI may not vote.  Each voting member shall have exactly one 
vote.  All ballots shall be open ballots except for any ballot concerning 
the election or removal of

 At all meetings, except for the election of officers and directors, all 
votes shall be viva voce, or electronically cast except that for election of 
officers ballots shall be provided and there shall not appear any place on 
such ballot any mark or marking that might tend to indicate the person who 
cast such ballot.

 The quorum for a vote by the membership shall be set at 35% of eligible 
voters.  All votes (unless otherwise stated) are approved by a simple 
majority (>50%) being in favor of the issue in question.

 At any regular or special meeting if a majority so requires any question 
may be voted upon in the manner and style provided for election of officers 
and directors.

 At all votes by ballot, the Chairman of such meeting shall immediately 
prior to the commencement of balloting appoint a committee of three who 
shall act as "Inspectors of Election" and who shall at the conclusion of 
such balloting certify in writing to the Chairperson the results.  A 
certified copy shall be physically affixed in the minute book to the minutes 
of that meeting.

 No inspector of election shall be a candidate for office or shall be 
personally interested in the question voted upon.


 Resolutions are voted on by the board of directors.  Resolutions may be put 
before the board for consideration.  If the board decides not to consider 
the issue, the membership may vote on the resolution.  The membership may 
also override a vote by the board by a 2/3 majority vote.

Board appointments
[this will go into the 'board' section of the bylaws, but its important to 
keep an eye on in the voting section]
- the board members will (together with the membership committee) recommend 
candidates for the board of directors [still need to work on this]
- the members will approve the appointments on the board of directors
- removal of board members shall occur by a 2/3 vote of the members 

Nils Lohner                         Software in the Public Interest, Inc.
E-Mail: lohner at          PO Box 1326 
Board Of Directors <board at> Boston, Ma. 02117 USA

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